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Tokyo Vice: An American Reporter On The Police Beat In Japan

by Jake Adelstein
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Product Details

  • Publisher: Pantheon
  • Publishing date: 13/10/2009
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-13: 9780307378798
  • ISBN: 0307378799

Synopsis

A Q&A with Jake Adelstein

Question: What drew you to Japan in the first place, and how did you wind up going to university there?

Jake Adelstein: In high school I had many problems with anger and self-control. I had been studying Zen Buddhism and karate, and I thought Japan would be the perfect place to reinvent myself. It could be that my pointy right ear draws me toward neo-Vulcan pursuits--I don’t know.

When I got to Japan, I managed to find lodgings in a Soto Zen Buddhist temple where I lived for three years, attending zazen meditation at least once a week. I didn’t become enlightened, but I did get a better hold on myself.

Question: How did you become a journalist for the most popular Japanese-language newspaper?

Jake Adelstein: The Yomiuri Shinbun runs a standardized test, open to all college students. Many Japanese firms hire young grads this way. My friends thought that the idea of a white guy trying to pass a Japanese journalist’s exam was so impossibly quixotic that I wanted to prove them wrong. I spent an entire year eating instant ramen and studying. I managed to find the time to do it by quitting my job as an English teacher and working as a Swedish-massage therapist for three overworked Japanese women two days a week. It turned out to be a slightly sleazy gig, but it paid the bills.

There was a point when I was ready to give up studying and the application process. Then, when I was in Kabukicho on June 22, 1992, I asked a tarot fortune-telling machine for advice on my career path, and it said that with my overpowering morbid curiosity I was destined to become a journalist, a job at which I would flourish, and that fate would be on my side. I took that as a good sign. I still have the printout.

I did well enough on the initial exam to get to the interviews, and managed to stumble my way through that process and get hired. I think I was an experimental case that turned out reasonably well.

Question: How did you succeed in uncovering the underworld in a country that is famously "closed" or restricted to foreigners? Do you think people talked more openly to you because you were American?

Jake Adelstein: I think Japan is actually more open than people give it credit for. However, to get the door open, you really need to become fluent in the spoken and written language. The written language was a nightmare for me.

You’re right, though; it was mostly an advantage to be a foreigner--it made me memorable. The yakuza are outsiders in Japanese society, and perhaps being a fellow outsider gave us a weird kind of bond. The cops investigating the yakuza also tend to be oddballs. I was mentored into an early understanding and appreciation of the code of both the yakuza and the cops. Reciprocity and honor are essential components for both.

I also think the fact that I’m too stupid to be afraid when I should be, and annoyingly persistent as well--these things didn’t help me in long-term romance, but they helped me as a crime reporter.

Question: Do you feel that investigative journalism is being threatened or aided by the expansion of the Internet and news blogs, and the closing down of many printed newspapers?

Jake Adelstein: In one sense it is being threatened because investigative journalism is rarely a solo project. It requires huge amounts of resources, capital, and time to really do one story correctly. Legal costs and FOIA documents are expensive things. The bigger the target, the greater the risk and the more money is required. The second-biggest threat to investigative journalism is crooked lawyers and corporate shills who sue as a harassment tactic. In general, it’s rather hard and time-consuming to be an army of one. It took me almost three years to break the story about yakuza receiving liver transplants at UCLA on my own. The costs in financial terms were immense, and so were the losses along the way. A team of reporters could have done the work much faster, probably.

However, these things said, blogging is also a great source of news that might go unreported, or be overlooked, by the mainstream media. Twitter, too, has had an interesting impact, actually helping a journalist get out of jail in the case of James Karl Buck. We’re beginning to see kind of a public option in investigative journalism, too--such as things like ProPublica. They do an awesome job at investigative journalism, partly through donations, and they have a great web site. So the Internet is not all bad for investigative journalism, as long as we proceed with caution and forethought. At the same time, real intelligence-gathering work actually requires you to put down your cell phone and your computer and get off your ass and meet people in the real world. As odious as it may be, we have to sift through garbage, pound the pavement, and visit the scene of the crime. Not all answers can be found in front of a keyboard, or on Google, and the “it’s all in the database” mentality is the bane of reporting and often generates shoddy reporting.

The individual journalist can do great investigative work--it’s just a lot harder, and usually financially difficult to do unless you’re independently wealthy, like Bruce Wayne. Most of us don’t have the time or the resources or the luxury of holding down a day job and doing investigative journalism on the side, as a hobby.

Question: What do you hope your American audience can learn from your book?

Jake Adelstein: I think everyone will take away something different from the book. I suppose you can learn a lot about how journalism works in Japan, how the police work, and how the yakuza work. I would also hope that people take away from the book an understanding of some of the things I really like about Japan and the Japanese, things like reciprocity, honor, loyalty, and stoic suffering. I think in Japan, I learned how important it is to keep your word, to never forget your debts--and not just the financial ones--and to make repayment in due course. Perhaps that’s what honor is all about.

There’s a word in Japanese, hanmen kyoshi, which means, more or less, “the teacher who teaches by his bad example.” At times, I’m an excellent hanmen kyoshi in the book.

Everything I’ve learned that’s important to me is in the book somewhere. I hope there’s something universal in the contents beyond just making people aware of cultural differences between the United States and Japan, or reiterating the importance and value of investigative journalism. Like a book I would choose to read to my children, I hope there’s some kind of moral to it all. Maybe the real lesson is to be kind and helpful to the people you care about whenever you can, because it’s good for them, and good for you, and your time with them may be much shorter than you imagined.

(Photo © Michael Lionstar)


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  • great read - couldn't put it down!
    From Amazon

    This is a fascinating book - it reads like action-packed fiction, though it is non-fiction. I felt (as another reviewer wrote) like I was sitting next to someone in a bar - like a really interesting Forest Gump... in Japan. My husband, mother, step-father, and I all loved this book - and couldn't put it down until we'd finished it. How many books can you say that about? (The title and cover aren't the greatest, but don't let them turn you off, the book is a great read!)

  • great read in so may ways
    From Amazon

    I was intrigued with the book after hearing the author on NPR, then I was actually reading it when I saw his interview on the Daily Show. Although it is a great read regarding some solved and unsolved cases and the life of a crime-beat reporter, it also gives you a constant interesting diet of japanese culture as snacks. It also is the wrenching honesty at times of the author's insights that keep one captivated. I don't know if I could ever be that candid in my opinions and inner thoughts for posterity in writing but I can't put the book down. it is very fulfilling in many aspets you don't expect when you start to read it.

  • I didn't say it would be easy. I just said it would be the truth.
    From Amazon

    A fly-on-the-wall journey with a wanna be reporter, who succeeds in becoming that rare breed: an investigative journalist. It is all the more satisfying in that it takes place in an exotic locale of beauty, danger, intrigue, humor, sex & violence, and at its apex - a back to the future Shogun of Clavell territory: HONOR. George Orwell said it best, that omission is the greatest form of a lie. Unfortunately, that is the best description of today's media. That problem is addressed dead center in Jake Adelsein's Tokyo Vice. Meeting is merely the beginning of separation. This and other Japanese proverbs/Buddhist sutras are some of the pleasures to be found in this fine piece of biographical/narrative/investigative journalism. The Yakuzu play a central role in his work as well as the Japanese press and police. The intricacies of those relationships both formal/informal understandings are fascinating to say the least. Still, to me, it is the author's drive to become the best repoter he can be that carries the weight of all that transpires. His mentors instill the Japanese culture into his very being and the reader benefits because he put you in his shoes. Its not only quite entertaining but informative as well. His eight rules of being a good reporter, his copious facts of the yakuza organizations, and finially, it is his journey into circles within circles of the "Deep State" that the payoff comes. It is shocking and heartbreaking. This "Deep State", which is making policy and implementing it, is an intersection of a criminal/global political economy that is NOT nation based. It's an international structure that serves as a conduit/network of different actors: banks, corporations, arms companies, private miltaries, media, criminal organizations - ALL connecting with intelligence services/governments. The public is completely outside the loop. To penetrate it's inner circles can result in death, torture, and at best ... well, thats the story of Tokyo Vice to me. The author wears his heart on his sleeve in the telling of his tale and this leaves the reader both angry and appreciative of his brutal honesty. His honor is soooo Japanese/ it just is/ what is. One of his Buddhist sutras is the story about a bunch of children playing in a house. The house is on fire. If the kids don't get out they will burn to death. But the kids won't leave the house because they are having too much fun. People are yelling for them to leave, but they won't. The door is locked from the inside. Someone tells the children that if they come outside there's delicious candy waiting for them. It's a lie, but it gets the kids out of the house and they are saved. "Uso mo hoben" - lies are also a skillful means. Circles w/in circles. HIGHLY RECOMMEMDED !!!!!

  • A 'must' for any library strong in Japanese culture and social issues
    From Amazon

    TOKYO VICE: AN AMERICAN REPORTER ON THE POLICE BEAT IN JAPAN comes from the only American journalist ever to have been admitted to the Tokyo Metro Police Press Club, and offers an insider's guide to Japanese society and crime. As a teen he went to Japan seeking tranquility, but worked his way from a student to a crime reporter, then into the exclusive press club. His observations of a little-known, seedy side of Japan is a 'must' for any library strong in Japanese culture and social issues.

  • Very Entertaining
    From Amazon

    Tokyo Vice is a very entertaining read. For someone that knows very little about Japan, I found this book fascinating with the way the Japanese police interact with the reporters that cover the police beat. I will admit I did get a little lost from time to time with the number of Japanese names and places - but the book was well written and very entertaining. If you are looking for an entertaining book to take your mind off other things and learn a little bit about the Japanese culture then I would recommend this book.

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