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Lord Dorchester

by A.G. Bradley
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Product Details

  • Publisher: Schuyler Press
  • Publishing date: 20070315
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-13: 9781406731897
  • ISBN: 1406731897


THE MAKKRJS. OF CANADA LOKD DORCHESTER BY A. G. BRADLEY TORONTO MORANG CO., LIMITED 1910 Rntml wcoriKng tn Act vf P r Y men nf in the tfHtr IMff hy J iwv wgiy CV M Jw tv, Mr CONTENTS CHAPTER I Page RETROSPECT . - . . .1 CHAPTER II THE NETW GOVERNOR .... 29 CHAPTER III THE QUEBEC ACT . . . .57 CHAPTER IV CARLETONS MARRIAGE ... 75 CHAPTER V MONTGOMERY AND ARNOLD . . .95 CHAPTER VI LAST DAYS OF THE SIEGE ... 127 CHAPTER VII THE EVACUATION OK CANADA . . .141 CHAPTER VIII ADVANCE INTO THE ENEMYS COUNTRY . 153 ix ORD DORCHESTER CUAPT R fX CARLETON SUPERSEDED BY BURGOYNE . .171 CliAPTKR X PREPARATIONS FOR PEACE ... 191 CttAPTKR XI DORCHESTERS RKTttRN . . . .221 CHAPTKR Xlf THE CANADA ACT .... 251 CffAPTKH Xtfl A NEW SITUATION . . . 260 fMAPTKH JT CrLOSINfi YEARS 2 U CHAPTER I RETROSPECT BEFORE introducing to the reader the soldier statesman who is the subject of this memoir, it seems advisable to give a short sketch of existing conditions in the country which he was called upon to govern. Indeed it is almost necessary thus to prepare the ground for the advent of our proconsul, so that the reader may properly understand the kind of furrow he had to break. One may affirm too with perfect safety that the great lull which fell upon Canada at the close of the stir and turmoil of the Seven Years War and the downfall of French power on the St. Lawrence, presents few attractions to the mind of a reader exhilarated by the glamour of those dramatic incidents. Most of us, on closing that page of history which influenced the future of two hemispheres far more than Waterloo, have felt little inclination to concern ourselves with the im mediate fortunes of a few thousand war-sick and isolated French-Canadians. The historical student has turned more readily to the greater problems that so soon began to agitate the people of those British provinces after their safety had been secured by the fleets and armies of the mother country. Most people have a vague, but sufficiently accurate notion, 1 LORD DORCHRSTKW that the French-Canadians wrre kft practically un disturbed in their laws and religion, and that to this wise and benevolent policy they responded with a due measure of loyalty and affection. But it is nec essary here to be a little more precise and to in dicate some of those complications inevitable to such new conditions, and the difficulties which beset the administrators of the conquered province from its first occupation. Canada had been surrendered to . wherst by Ldvis on the fall of Montreal in 1700. But the war with France in Europe was only closed by the peace of two years later, when the colony was form ally ceded to the British Crown. Throughout thin interval Canada was under n purely military rule, administered by a governor in Quebec with others nominally subordinate to him at Three Htvers and Montreal respectively. The chief authority, how ever, still lay with the commander-m-chief nt NVw York, a position retained by AmhmU Hut for all practical purposes General Murray may be re garded as the administrator of Canada until the peace, as he was also its first actual governor sub sequently to it Murray bad brrn one of Wolfes three brigadiers at the Battle of th 1 Mains, lie had remained in command at Qtiflw and ably defended it against the French throughout the following winter. He was a good soldier and wt l versed in the military and civil conditions of Xorth America, and withal an able, sensible and extremely 2 WOULD CANADA BE RETAINED just man with a good knowledge of the French language. These three years of military rule were, of course, regarded as a mere temporary expedient. No one knew positively whether Canada would be retained or restored at the treaty which would follow the approaching peace. The country was then regarded by British colonists as of no value for agricultural settlement, while its commercial statistics were con temptible...

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